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The Utilization of Music in Physical Therapy - Part Two

The Utilization of Music in Physical Therapy - Part Two By Mark R. Baldridge, Nuance Crusaders #nuance4health, #relax, #positive, #upbeat, #music Monday, March 9, 2020 https://www.linkedin.com/in/markbaldridge28/

The goal of the therapist is to apply different techniques to specific goals. With patients that have hypertonus (increased muscular tension, spasm, tone), the playing of soft songs with low tone results in a decrease in muscle tone (Vivy 2012). The perfect example is my composition Giving, with a tempo of 72 Beats Per Minute (BPM) and lower tones because of the bass melody. However, where you might need to increase tension more than normal, loud and fast paced music would be more desirable (Vivy, 2012). The perfect example of a loud and fast-paced song is my composition "Soon We Will Be Together,” which has a tempo of 174 BPM. Increased tension occurs, because the patient hears the execution of determined music, which produces a different stimulus of opposite movement to th…

The Utilization of Music in Physical Therapy - Part One

The Utilization of Music in Physical Therapy - Part One By Mark R. Baldridge, Nuance Crusaders #nuance4health Tuesday, May 5, 2020 https://www.linkedin.com/in/markbaldridge28/
Music has therapeutic properties that help people improve their health, especially when utilized with physical therapy. Brett Sears (Sears, 2020) argues that it does not matter what type of music is utilized. I do agree with Sears, but there has to be criteria by which the music has to correspond to specific tasks and goals they seek to achieve (Vivy, 2012). For Physical Therapy, vital sign measurement and assessment are important components of the review of systems in a physical therapy examination for individuals with or without documented cardiopulmonary disease (Frese et.al., 2011). The way my music can accomplish this task, especially for patients with high blood pressure, is that songs with tempos below 100 Beats Per Minute (BPM) can be utilized to stimulate Alpha brain waves. The perfect example of a song below…

The Utilization of Music With Patients with Aphasia: Part Two

The Utilization of Music With Patients with Aphasia: Part Two By Mark R. Baldridge, Nuance Crusaders #nuance4health, Sunday, March 29, 2020 https://www.linkedin.com/in/markbaldridge28/
To understand how music influences the health of patients with Aphasia, Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) could be utilized as a tool. MIT is beneficial because of its inherent sustained vocalization and tapping with the left hand (Gottfried et. al. 2008). In such cases my composition Brazilian Fantasy (lyrics by Andrea Litzenberger) could be utilized for both tapping and vocalization treatment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFfpxf5BIus. There are four types of techniques utilized in MIT: Reduction in Speed (words articulated at a slower rate than in speaking); Syllable lengthening, (provides the opportunity to distinguish the individual phonemes that together form words and phrases); Syllable “Chunking” (deals with intonation, change in pitch,and may help group syllables into words); and Hand tapping (pati…

The Utilization of Music With Patients with Aphasia: Part One

The Utilization of Music With Patients with Aphasia: Part One By Nuance Crusaders by Mark R. Baldridge, #nuance4health, Tuesday, March 17, 2020 https://www.linkedin.com/in/markbaldridge28/
“Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, often following a stroke or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as the result of a brain tumor or a progressive neurological disease. The disorder impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing.” (NIH, 2015; Gottfried et. al. 2008). The problem: As the neural processes that underline the post-stroke language recovery remain unknown, it has not been possible to effectively target them using specific therapies” (Gottfried et. al. 2008). To improve treatment, research has to continue utilizing functional imaging, mostly positron emission tomography (PET). PET is an imaging test (or scan) that helps reveal how tissues and o…

The Relationship Between Music and Brainwaves – Part One

Nuance Crusaders by Mark R. Baldridge, Tuesday, November 19, 2019 https://www.linkedin.com/in/markbaldridge28/
The correlation between music and brainwaves is tempo, also called Beats Per Minute (BPM). As the BPM increases, activity in brain waves changes from Alpha to Beta. The reason is that the brain is an electrochemical organ with billions of interconnected nerve cells, and is influenced by frequencies (Scientific American, 1997). My purpose of this article is to focus on a study conducted by Hurless et. al. in 2013. The reason why this study is important they demonstrate how Alpha and Beta brainwaves are affected differently by BPM. The reason is that different frequencies in music, due to changes in BPM, affect Hertz (Hz) differently in the brain. Alpha waves (8-13 Hz) are located in the occipital region of the brain when a person is awake and relaxed and Beta waves (13 -30 Hz) are associated with a more attentive mental state (Hurless et. al. in 2013). The importance of this is …

Pitch as Communication and Brain Activity.

As a composer of therapeutic music, what I find interestingis that speech and music are similar forms of communication. The way people communicate though speech or music isbychanging the pitch of the sound (Patel, 2008). By changing the pitch, you change the meaning of what is being communicated (Patel, 2008). For example, people speak differently depending on who they’re communicating with. For example, in a study, men would lower their voices and women would raise the pitch of their voices when talking to a person they consider attractive (Faletto, 2017). In terms of how sound relates to the brain, especially in speech, there are tens of thousands of neurons in the part of the brain that controls the movement patterns in the lips, tongue, and larynx. (Watson, 2018). It accomplishes this task because neurons contain cells within the nervous system that transmit information to other nerve cells, muscles, orgland cells (The Neuron, 2012). The best way to think of how this system works i…